A. Assessment and Refinement of Developed Technologies in Relation to Location
Specific Problems of District : During 2013-14, Four OFTs were conducted pertaining to various disciplines as per identified major thrust areas. OFTs are most important mandatory component of KVK under which evaluation of recent developed technologies or varieties in specific agro climatic condition for future recommendations or popularization. which are given below:
- Performance of intercropping of Turmeric and Elephant Foot Yam in Mango Orchards : For enhancing productivity and profitability of Mango based cropping system, there is needs to introduce shed loving inter crop i.e. Turmeric and Elephant foot yam. However, majority of mango growers of Lucknow district are taking orchard of mango as sole crop. Keeping this fact in view an experiment was laid out to find out the performance of intercropping of turmeric and elephant foot yam in mango orchard. Results revealed that T2: Mango+ Elephant Foot Yam gave higher net income Rs. 239675.00/ha. followed by T3:Mango+Turmeric(Rs.251850.00/ha.) over control T1:Mango sole crop(Rs.136000.00/ha.).
- Management of fruit-fly in Mango Orchards : Lucknow district covered large area under mango cultivation. This crop having incidence of many number of insects and diseases, in which fruit fly are very important on export point of view. Farmers mainly dependent on the spray of pesticides for their control but injudicious use of pesticides are not sustainable, economical and ecologically viable. Therefore, several consignments were rejected due to incidence of fruit fly and presence of residual effect of pesticides. Keeping this fact in view, KVK, Lucknow conducted a trial to test the effectiveness of fruit fly traps and insecticide (Malathion 50EC) spray pertaining to management of Fruit Fly in mango. Results revealed that incidence of fruit-flies was higher in farmers practices i.e.,T1- 21.35% followed by T3(Spray of insecticide (Malathion 50 EC): 4.32% and minimum in T2 (Use of fruit fly trap):3.67%,, however, quality yield of mango was recorded 9.4 t./ha., 14.9 t/ha. and 13.8 t./ha, respectively. The net income was maximum Rs.1.56lakh/ha. in Fruit fly trap (T2), followed by Rs.1.36lakh/ha. in spray of Malathian 50 EC (T3) minimum in Farmer Practices (T1) Rs.0.87 lakh/ka.
- Performance of IPM in tomato crop : Lucknow district farmers mainly grow vegetables as a cash crop, in which tomato having important place. This crop having incidence of many number of insects and diseases, so, crop needs to assess the effect of IPM in this crop. The results revealed that T2 IPM showed minimum incidence of insect and diseases over T1 farmer practice where Damping off (2.3%), early blight (4.8%) late blight(7.3%), buckey rot (7.5%),wilt(2.1%),TLCV(9.6%) and whitfly (12.3%).Yield revealed that T2 showed 23.3.7% increase in yield over control and economics reflected that net return of IPM demonstration was Rs. 6.7lakh/ha. and check was Rs.5.2 lakh/ha.
- Management of anoestrous problem in milch animal : Treatment comprised :T1- farmers practice (used of 0.25 kg to 1 kg sprouted gram for 10-15 days), T2, Ecobolic 100 ml for 4 days + heat inducing capsule for 4 days + Mineral mixture 50 gm for 35 days +Dewormer, T-3 – vitamin B+ phosphorus 15 ml up to 9 days. The result reveals that 25% heat occurrence in T-1, 65% heat occurrence in T-2 treatment and up to 80% heat occurrence in T3 treatment were recorded.
B. Front Line Demonstration
FLDs on oil seed pulses and other crops or enterprises were conducted (233 demonstrations) at farmers’ field in an area of 63.25 ha. in which vegetables occupied (16.0 ha.) followed by cereals (15.0 ha), fodder crops (12.25 ha) and oilseeds pulses (10.0 ha) and vaccination and deworming were carried-out for 2000 animals ( Buffaloes and Cows).
C. Trainings Imparted
Fifty six (56) trainings were organized for practicing farmers and rural youth and In-service personnel (3) for upgrading their knowledge and skill on various thematic areas viz. weed management, resource conservation technologies, cropping system, seed production (crop production), off season vegetables, nursery raising, training and pruning, rejuvenation of old orchards (Horticulture), Soil fertility management, soil and water conservation, production and use of organic inputs, management of problematic soil, soil sampling and testing (Soil health and fertility), minimization of nutrient losses in processing, income generating activities for empowerment of rural women, Kitchen gardening, value addition, women and child care (Home science), dairy management, piggery management, poultry management, disease management, goat farming, production of quality animal products (Livestock production Management) etc. Total 1120 trainees were trained during 2013-14.
D. Sponsored Training
Two days programme for 5 trainings each for hundred farmers (125) of Lucknow district under State Horticulture Mission Programme was carried out at KVK, IISR, Lucknow, in which 125 selected progressive farmers of different blocks of Lucknow District were trained. Training was mainly focused on improved technologies pertaining to mango, guava, aonla, potato, banana, gladiolus, rose, spices crop, nursery raising and protected cultivation of vegetables and IPM for horticultural crops.
E. Other Extension Activities
Field visits : 19 farmers group from different scheme (ATMA, NHM and RKVY) visited at KVK, Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow. During the visit, they have seen different technologies of sugarcane crop, jaggery and khandsari processing unit, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, vermicompost unit and developed implements related to sugarcane cultivation. KVK personnel also visited to450 farmers’ field of Lucknow district to solve the agriculture problem at field level.
Agro Advisory Services : 570 agro advisory services provided to solve the farmers quarries who visited or on telephonic conversations.
Kisan Mela : A kisan mela was organized at Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research Lucknow on 15-17 February 2014. About 825 farmers attended the Kisan Mela. Technology exhibition stalls of different research organizations, manufacturers, KVKs and line departments were also demonstrated in Kisan Mela. The visiting farmers saw various exhibitions stall and interacted to learn the knowhow on technologies being demonstrated.
Kisan Gosthi : Four kisan gosthi were organized on protected cultivation, IPM in horticultural crops, Dairy management and Value addition of different horticultural crops were covered. About 350 farmers were participated.
F. Adopted Technology
Following assessed, refined and developed technologies, being successfully adopted by the farmers of Lucknow district.
Popularized Kufri Chipsona 1 and Kufri Chipsona 3,about 80 per cent potato area has been replaced by processing varieties and farmers are getting Rs. 90000-120000/ha as net return.
Introduced sugar beet as fodder crop for milch animal during dry spell. About 0.5-1.0 kg milk/animal/day/ was increased.
Pouplarized zero-till cum ferti seed drill machine for wheat sowing, About 800 ha area of wheat sown under zero-till conditions in lucknow district and farmers are saving Rs. 6500.ha.
Adopted mango growers fruit fly trap in large scale.
Introduced and popularized of tissue culture banana cultivation in lucknow district and farmers are getting Rs. 120000-150000 net gain/acre.
Intercropping of elephant foot yam and turmeric in mango were popularized.
For youth, employment generation training programme was organized for value added processed products of horticulture crop.
Sugarcane based technologies i.e. CoLK 94184 and Cutter planter machine are being popularized in cane growing districts with the help of neighbouring KVKs (Sitapur, Unnao and Barabanki).