The Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Farm Science Centre), an innovative science–based institution was established to accelerate the agricultural production and also to improve the socio-economic conditions of the farming community of Lucknow district. This Kendra was transferred to Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research on dated 25 October 1999. Aim of KVK is accelerate agricultural production and allied activities for improving the economic status of the agrarian community. The concept of vocational training programme in agriculture through KVK grew substantially due to greater demand for improved/agriculture technology by the farmers. The farmers require not only the knowledge and understanding of intricacy of technologies, but also progressively more and more skills in various complex agricultural adoptions on their farms. The effectiveness of the KVK was further enhanced by the adding the activities related to on-farm testing and front line demonstration on major agricultural technologies in order to make the training of farmers’ location specific, need based and resource orientated. It run the need based skill oriented training programme for creating job opportunities for rural community. It also acts as a facilitator to coordinate the extension activities of different line departments for the benefit of the farmers.KVK also coordinate in disseminating sugarcane based production technologies in neighboring KVKs. KVK was designed to impart the latest knowledge to the farmers through work experiences by applying the principles of “Teaching by Doing and Learning by Doing”.
KVK, Lucknow is located at a distance of 5 kms from Charbagh railway station and 10Km. from airport towards Raibareli road (NH 24B) in Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research campus (ICAR).
Assessment, refinement and demonstration of technologies/products.
|Crop / Enterprise||Thrust Area|
|Pegion Pea and Field Pea||Integrated Crop Management and Introduction of HYV|
|Wheat in Zero Tillage||Resource Conservation Technology in paddy-wheat system|
|Mustard and Sesame||Integrated crop management and Integrated pest management|
|Barseem, Sorghum and Fodder beet||Commercial green fodder production and fodder seed production.|
|Wheat||Varietal Evaluation / Introduction of HYV, Quality seed production|
|Livestock Production & Mgt||Use of mineral mixture in animal ration, deworming and Vaccination against H.S., B.Q. & FMD. Diseases for hea improving the milk production and good health.|
|Vegetable Pea and Okra||Integrated Nutrient Management and Integrated Pest Management|
|Potato||Integrated Crop Management and Integrated Disease Management and Introduction of processing varieties (Chips, French fries and Aloo ki bhujia & papar)|
|Mango||ICM / Integrated Nutrient Management / IPM|
The genesis of KVKs can be traced to the Second Education Commission (1946-66), under the chairman ship of Dr. D.S. Kothari, which inter alia recommended the establishment of agriculture polytechnics to proved vocational education in agriculture to school drop outs and other rural youth. After careful deliberation by the Union Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture AND Planning Commission and as a follow-up of the Kothari Commission’s recommendations, the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) appointed a committee under chairmanship of Dr. Mohan Singh Mehta of Seva Mandir, Udaipur in 1973 for formulation and institutional design of KVK to provide vocational training in agriculture. The basic principles of the KVKs enunciated by the Mehta Committee (1973) are given below...
Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Farm Science Center), an innovative science-based institution, was thus established mainly to impart vocational skill training to the farmers and field level extension workers. The concept of vocational training programme in agriculture through KVK grew substantially due to greater demand for improved/agricultural technology by the farmers. The farmers re quire not only the knowledge and understanding of intricacy of technologies, but also progressively more and more skills in various complex agricultural operations for adoption on their farms. The effectiveness of the KVK was further enhanced by adding the activities related to on-farm testing and front line demonstration on major agricultural technologies in order to make the training of farmers location specific, need based and resource-oriented.
The training programmes of KVKs were designed to impart the latest knowledge to the farmers through work experience by applying the principles of “Teaching by Doing and ‘Learning by Doing’. The prime goal of KVK was to impart training as per needs and requirements in agricultural and allied sectors to the farmers, farmwomen and farm youth. No formal certificate or diploma was awarded, irrespective of duration of courses to avoid the rush for job instead of self employment. While designing the courses, the concept of farming system as well as farming situation are taken into account to ensure that the enterprises in which they are trained are commercially and economically viable, sustainable and profitable. The vocational training programme was intended to help them sustain themselves through self employment and to make them self-reliant economically and thus discourage them from migrating to the urban areas.